La historia de Roma, libro III. Theodor Mommsen, traducido por William Purdie Dickson. Tabla de contenidos. La guerra entre Roma y Cartago sobre Sicilia. Hamilcar and Hannibal. La guerra debajo Hannibal a la batalla de Cannae.
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Log In Sign Up. Routledge, Rafael Domingo Osle. Rafael Domingo. Contardo Ferrini — Moved by a patriotic feeling and scientific enthusiasm, they tried to wrest intellectual supremacy from Germany. Although Scialoja, not Ferrini, was the leader of the group, Ferrini was a very prominent member of it, the most distinguished expert in Roman Byzantine law and criminal law, and probably the one who more properly embodied the notion of Christian jurist.
Ferrini lived in a time of strong tensions between church and state due to the Roman question. The family atmosphere, deeply Christian and highly cultured, was decisive in the formation of the young Ferrini.
He received his primary education at the Boselli School, and secondary education at the Beccaria High School, where he learned Latin and Greek. Later Ferrini also learned the rudiments of Sanskrit and Coptic. While still in high school, Ferrini started reading an edition of the Hebrew Bible, which he had received as a gift from a family friend.
He introduced Ferrini to criminal law, as a student and later as a young professor, at a time of intense academic debate in the years prior to the promulgation of the so-called Zanardelli Code , the first criminal code of the Kingdom of Italy. In addition to Buccellati, Ferrini was especially attracted by the intellectual stature of the classic philologist Giovanni Canna, who instilled in Ferrini his passionate love for Greek civilization.
For a number of reasons—the still-vibrant legacy of Friedrich Carl von Savigny, the overwhelming intellectual strength of Theodor Mommsen as editor of primary Roman texts e. Lokin, published in Vincent de Paul. That day, his spiritual joy was profound. After his return to Italy in the summer of , Ferrini began his academic career at the University of Pavia teaching Roman criminal law and exegesis of Roman law sources.
Soon he was promoted to the rank of extraordinary professor. In February he was granted a tenured position at the University of Messina in Sicily , which had been acknowledged two years earlier as an academic institution of the first level. In , Ferrini was appointed full professor of Roman law at his alma mater, the University of Pavia, and one year later, in , a full member of the Instituto Lombardo in Milan. The proximity between Pavia and Milan allowed him to live with his beloved family.
Between these two cities, Ferrini spent the days focused on his teaching, research, and prayers as well as his social work, visiting the sick, which he interrupted only with occasional alpine excursions, many times in the company of his friend Achile Ratti, the future Pope Pius XI. He worked decisively on the commission for tax reform. However, the dramatic events of May , the so-called Bava-Beccaris massacre,20 compelled him to engage more deeply in politics to protect the interests of religion and the country at the local level.
He defended a reconciling position between the young Kingdom of Italy, born as result of the unification of Italy, and the Holy See and, therefore, the need for a political agreement between church and state. Ferrini tried to seek an alliance with the Christian Democrats led by Filippo Meda, but he did not succeed.
The Christian Democrats instead wanted to form an autonomous party totally separate from any political influence of ecclesiastical authority. Discouraged by the result of the elections, which gave the victory to the leftist parties, as well as by the lack of political union among Catholics themselves, Ferrini decided to abandon politics and return to the peaceful academic life. In , Contardo Ferrini was afflicted with a heart lesion.
In the fall of , he went for a rest to his country home in the village of Suna today part of Verbania , on the shore of Lake Maggiore. Unfortunately, he was stricken there with typhus, and after some days in bed, he died on October 17, He was buried in Suna in accordance with his will. Gemelli had a dual purpose. On the one hand, he wanted to propose Ferrini to university students and professors as a model of holiness in the academy.
On the other hand, he thought that the transfer would favor the process of beatification. In his twenty-one years of scholarly production — , Ferrini wrote several books and more than two hundred papers,22 many of them very short. Ferrini did not seek perfection in writing, but the advancement of knowledge. He was not afraid to rectify his earlier views when he thought they were mistaken, nor to return repeatedly to the same subject when necessary.
He was occupied more with the opening of new areas of research, with good intuitions, with interesting projects. In fact, some colleagues and friends, among them Scialoja and Baviera, sometimes complained about his lack of accuracy in quotations. Twenty-seven years after his death, a large selection of his articles was collected in five volumes. Ferrini also edited, with his friend Giovanni Mercati, new fragments of the Basilika,32 found in the palimpsest Cod.
The Syro-Roman Law Book is a collection of imperial constitutions enacted by Roman emperors of the fifth century. It is a volume written by a jurist and addressed to jurists. Ferrini used a technical- dogmatic methodology that escapes an excess of historicism. Esposizione storica e dottrinale [Roman criminal law. Historical and doctrinal exposition]. The manuscript, which reflects the intellectual maturity of the author, was published in the first volume of the Enciclopedia del diritto penale italano [Encyclopedia of Italian Criminal Law], edited by Enrico Pessina, leader of the classical school of criminal law after the death of Francesco Carrara.
In Roman private law, Ferrini became an international expert in the field of inheritance and obligations. Special mention must be made of his volume titled Teoria generale dei legati e dei fedecommessi [General theory of legacies and trust law],46 and his wide and erudite entry on obligations for the Enciclopedia giuridica italiana [Italian Legal Encyclopedia] in collaboration with Nicola De Crescenzio, who had died in The compilers of the Justinian Corpus Iuris had no qualms about sacrificing the identity and works on the Roman jurists to favor the main purpose and interest of the great Compilation.
For Ferrini, Christian friendship was an expression of the union of souls in Christ. In his Regolamento di vita [Rules of life],60 we can see that Eucharistic adoration was at the heart of his spirituality. Devotion to the Virgin Mary also occupied a central place in his life. Contardo committed to recite the rosary and to make a visit to an image of the Virgin Mary every day, to pray the angelus at noon, and, if possible, the Hail Mary and a spiritual communion every hour.
He also committed to pray a Hail Mary before every conversation with someone in order to develop the consciousness of the presence of God.
Ferrini found good inspiration for his life program in the letters of Saint Paul, especially Philippians —9,64 and in the attitudes and works of Saint Augustine. Augustine thanked the Supreme Truth every step of the way, he submitted to it in every situation, before it he humiliated himself in all the darkness and, from the fruitful results of that multiple work, the Supreme Truth absorbed that soul thirsting for God to the eternal beauty of the True Absolute.
Ferrini learned from Rosmini the importance of humility for spiritual growth, and from Newman the inherent matching and harmonic relationship between faith and science. According to Ferrini, the end of Christian prayer is personal transformation in Christ.
According to Ferrini, this charity becomes manifest, above all, in the care for the reputation and health of the neighbor. More, there is already a part of infinity in every intelligent being in which the splendor of the face of God is reflected: this thought, which flows from an immortal soul and free child of the spirit, ignores the limits of time and space, and evokes the ages that were, and dreams to come.
His life passed between the modest tranquility of the study, the serene contemplation of nature, and the silent constant dialogue with God. A patriotic man, he contributed in such a way that the study of Roman law achieved worldwide eminence in the newly created Kingdom of Italy. Ferrini deeply understood that law and love are not opposite, and that the reduction of the concept of law to merely positive law was a cultural error.
He published in collaboration with Italian colleagues the so-called Digesto milanese. His treatises include a handbook on Roman criminal law and the Handbook of Pandects, among others. Bibliography Albertario, Emilio. Milan: Vita e pensiero, Arangio Ruiz, Vincenzo. Contardo Ferrini. Archi, Gian Gualberto, ed. Milan: U.
Hoepli, Archi, Gian Gualberto, et al. Miscellanea Contardo Ferrini: conferenze et studi nel fausto evento della sua beatificazione. Rome: Pontificium Athenaeum Antonianum, Bona, Ferdinando. Milan: Ulrico Hoepli, Bonfante, Pietro, et al. Digesta Iustiniani Augusti.
Milan: Formis Societatis Editricis Librariae, —; reprint, Bruns, Karl Georg, and Eduard Sachau. Neudruck der Ausgabe.
Leipzig: Brockhaus, ; Aalen: Scientia-Verlag, Caccamo, Michele. Camaiani, Pier Giorgio. Il diavolo e la questione romana. Bologna: Il Mulino, Canavero, Alfredo.
Milano e la crisi di fine secolo — Milan: Unicopli, Casavola, Francesco Paolo.
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