The music of the later eighteenth century has often been described as "classical," a term that is problematic for several reasons. Like the composers of the later Renaissance and the early Baroque, the great commanding figures of this classical era, Josef Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , and the youthful Ludwig van Beethoven , did not imitate the music of classical Antiquity since little ancient music survived for them to emulate. Rather the use of the term "classical" to describe their music developed in the nineteenth century among those who saw in these composers a musical language that expressed harmony, balance, and an idealized sense of beauty, values that were at the time seen to be very different from the more emotional and rebellious spirit found in the works of the early Romantics, the movement that was long seen as replacing the "classical" style after The term "classical," in this sense, thus came to summarize the differences between the music of this brief era and the Baroque period that preceded it, as well as the Romantic era that soon followed it. Such an easy generalization has proven difficult to sustain on closer inspection, since more recent research has shown that many European composers in the later eighteenth century did not completely abandon the techniques and forms that Baroque composers had long relied upon. Nor did all adopt the elegant simplicity and balanced poise typical of the works of Mozart or Haydn.
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A short history of French art - 3. About- France. Petersburg - the Hermitage. Claude Lorrain - Pastoral scene with classical ruins.
Classic late rococo : the Swing, by Fragonard - London - the Wallace collection. French art from to The beginnings of modern France. The main tourist attractions and places to visit in France - historic monuments, art galleries, seasides, and more. Tips and useful information on driving in and through France - motorways, tolls, where to stay A mine of information about life and living in France, including working in France, living in France, food and eating, education, shopping.
Encyclopedic dictionary of modern France - key figures, institutions, acronyms, culture, icons, etc. Full site index. Guide to the regions of France Beyond Paris, a guide to the French regions and their tourist attractions. Tourism in France The main tourist attractions and places to visit in France - historic monuments, art galleries, seasides, and more. Maps of France Cities, towns, departments, regions, climate, wine areas and other themes. A-Z dictionary of France Encyclopedic dictionary of modern France - key figures, institutions, acronyms, culture, icons, etc.
The Rise of Classicism and Romanticism
After World War II, the transnational Baroque provided a model for a more cosmopolitan view of the seventeenth century. Its integration into French literary and cultural history, however, reverses established paradigms of cultural evolution and periodization according to which Renaissance Classicism is followed by Counter-Reformation Baroque. This development also raises questions concerning the intellectual and ideological underpinning of the Baroque, including its relation to monarchy and Cartesian modernity. Authors examined include foundational figures of comparative literature Erich Auerbach, E.
Art of Europe
A short history of French art - 4. About- France. Nanine Vallain - Liberty - Paris, Louvre. Palace of Versailles.
From Neoclassicism to Romanticism
Christopher L. Links to art history resources. Custom Search. Classicism Although orthodox art history has treated classicism primarily as an innocuous stylistic concept, the term nonetheless carries considerable ideological weight. Since the Renaissance, classicism has become central to our thinking conscious or subconscious , containing within it the highest aspirations of western civilization. The terms "classic", "classical", "classicism" have over time become associated with notions of truth, goodness, purity, cleanliness, rightness, correctness, restraint, control, morality, beauty, harmony, clarity, balance, symmetry, unity, proportion, elegance, order, structure, stability, reason, peace, repose, honor, dignity, valor, quality, excellence, timelessness, immutability, archetypal form, the heroic, the rational, the ideal , and ultimate perfection.
A short history of French art - 3. About- France. Petersburg - the Hermitage. Claude Lorrain - Pastoral scene with classical ruins. Classic late rococo : the Swing, by Fragonard - London - the Wallace collection.