The first five verses of this chapter are the mangalacarana, or auspicious invocation verses. In the first verse the author offers his respects to both Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu. One day Shri Jagannatha Mishra ordered his son to bring a book from the house. Shri Gaura-gopala expanded His various mischievous childhood pastimes. This chapter describes the various dramas related to Shri Krishna, Rama, and Vamana that Shrimad Nityananda Prabhu enacted up to His twelfth year and His subsequent travel to the holy places up to the age of twenty.

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All glories to Lord Nityananda, the dearest friend of the distressed. All glories to all the devotees who are such dear associates of the Lord. He remained in the material world according to Mahaprabhu's transcendental desire.

His father was a brahmana named Hadai Pandita and his mother was Srimati Padmavati devi. From His early childhood Sri Nityananda Prabhu had a serene disposition and was highly intelligent. He was a reservoir of excellences. His charming beauty overshadowed the attractiveness of millions upon millions of Cupids.

From the time of Nityananda's birth, everything became auspicious in the district of Radha. Famine, poverty and all kinds of disturbances were totally dispelled. The sound of that roar filled the universe and robbed everyone of his senses.

Some people speculated, "It must be a thunder-clap. Still others said, "We know the reason for this sound. Lord Nityananda, the Lord of the Gaudiya Vaishnavas, is roaring in ecstasy. Lord Nityananda concealed his identity and played gleefully with the other young children of His age. The various games Lord Nityananda played with His young friends were actually manifestations of different pastimes of Lord Krishna.

The children got together and formed a divine council where some of them took the role of Mother Earth and submitted a petition. Those children were accompanied by many others when they went to the bank of the milk ocean and offered their choicest prayers to Lord Krishna.

A certain young boy unseen by anyone called out in a loud voice, "I shall appear in Gokula, Mathura. Closing all the doors and windows to the room to create a dungeon, Lord Nityananda enacted the birth of Lord Krishna which took place deep in the night while the rest of the world slept.

Then they carried baby Lord Krishna to their imaginary Gokula Dham and exchanged Him for the baby girl Mahamaya, the external potency of the Lord.

Thus they tricked the wicked King Kamsa. Nityananda dressed a young boy as Putana and had someone climb on her breast to suck her milk. Helped by some friends, He one day built a cart with some tough reeds and then He smashed it. Unseen by anyone, He entered the milkmen's houses in the near vicinity and stole butter with His young friends. The young boys never wanted to leave the company of Lord Nityananda and return home.

Day and night they relished His transcendental association. The parents of these young boys never remonstrated Him, but all of them affectionately held Him on their laps.

Everyone was amazed. How does a mere child know so many transcendental pastimes of Lord Krishna? He took all the young boys and went down to the water.

When the young boys jumped in the water and fell unconscious, Nityananda revived them. One day He went to the forest of tala trees with His young friends.

After killing the donkey demon Dhenuka, He enjoyed tala fruits with everyone else. When He would take His young friends out to graze cows, they would enact many different pastimes. Once He dressed them as Bakasura, Aghasura and Vatsasura and then enacted Lord Krishna's pastimes of killing those demons.

Playing His horn all the way, He would return home at sunset with the cows and His young friends. One day He enacted the pastime of lifting the Govardhana Hill; another day he recreated Vrndavana Dham and played about while remembering its many different places. He performed the pastime of stealing the clothes of the Vraja cowherd damsels, and He also met the wives of the brahmanas who were engaged in performing sacrifices. Someone would occasionally dress up as Narada Muni--complete with dress and beard--and give secret council to Kamsa while sitting in a secluded place.

Once a young boy dressed as Akrura enacted the lila of taking Lord Krishna and Balarama from Vrndavana to Mathura on the order of the cruel King Kamsa. Taking the part of the Vraja gopis, Nityananda wept bitterly in a mood of intense separation.

His tears flowed like a gushing river and all the boys looked on in amazement. Being deluded by the illusory potency of Lord Vishnu, no one could understand the truth about Lord Nityananda.

Oblivious to his identity the young boys played happily with Him. After recreating Mathura in their play, Lord Nityananda roamed about the city with his young friends. Someone dressed up as a gardener and someone else adorned himself with a flower garland. He dressed someone as the hunch-backed woman from Mathura and enacted the pastime of going to her place to be smeared with fragrant sandalwood paste.

Next He made a bow, strung it and then broke it in the midst of great tumult. Acting like Krishna, Lord Nityananda pretended to kill the mad elephant Kuvalaya and the two wrestlers Canura and Mustika in the arena of Kamsa. Then he sought out the young friend who was dressed as Kamsa, pulled him down by his hair and straddled his chest. He danced jubilantly with his young friends after the mock killing of cruel King Kamsa.

Everyone who watched the drama laughed in appreciation. In a playful mood Lord Nityananda imitated the many different transcendental pastimes of the incarnations of the Supreme Godhead, Krishna and Balarama.

He enacted the pastime of Lord Vamana tricking King Bali out of his vast kingdom which extended throughout the three worlds. Someone acting as Sukracarya appeared in an old man's attire and forbid Bali Maharaja to entertain Lord Vamana's request for three paces of land. All the young boys dressed as monkeys to form a monkey-army for the Lord.

Shouting "Jai Raghunatha! Another time, Lord Nityananda played Sri Laksmana. Taking His bow in hand, He stalked off angrily to meet Sugriva. If you care for your life then come right now. RamaChandra awaits us anxiously in Malyavan Mountain, and here you are enjoying in the midst of women.

Now run away, immediately! They were unable to grasp its recondite significance. The young boys dressed up as the famous five monkeys and the Lord as Laksmana enquired from them, "Who are you? I see all of you belong to the monkey race, but why are you roaming in the forest? I am the servant of Raghunatha, Lord RamaChandra, please introduce your-selves. Please take us to Lord RamaChandra so that we may accept the dust from His lotus feet.

After embracing everyone, Laksmana brought them to Lord RamaChandra, and all of them fell at the Lord's lotus feet,offering Him their prostrated obeisances. One day Lord Nityananda enacted the pastime of killing Indrajit, and another day he lost Himself in the emotions of Laksmana. One boy approached Nitai and said, "I am Ravana, the demon King. I shall discharge my most powerful sakti sila weapon at you.

Avert it if you can, Laksmana. Engrossed in Laksmana's battle mood, Nitai fell back and dropped to the ground unconscious. Despite the boys' efforts to rouse him, Nitai lay there unmoving. The Lord lay without a trace of consciousness in His entire body while His friends sat around holding their heads and lamenting. Nitai's mother and father rushed to the spot but when they saw their son's lifeless body they both fainted and dropped to the ground.

Whoever observed the situation was certainly astonished. The young boys described the details to a crowd that had gathered and someone said, "I think I understand the reason for Nitai's loss of consciousness. After waiting for a few moments send for Sri Hanuman and when he holds the medicine to My nose My life will be revived once again. Naturally this confounded His young friends.

The boys had become confused by Nimai's seeming unconsciousness and forgotten the Lord's instructions to them. They simply repeated, "Wake up dear brother", and wept in loud voices. When the boys heard the man's suggestions they remembered the instructions of the Lord.

A boy dressed as Hanuman and ran off to gather the medicinal herbs. Another young boy, dressed as an ascetic but actually the demonic maternal uncle of Ravana, met Sri Hanuman on his way and invited him to share some fruits and food. I feel greatly fortunate to be able to meet a personality like your good self. You must have heard that Laksmana, Lord Rama's younger brother, is lying in a coma hit by the powerful Satkisela weapon of Ravana.

So I must rush to the Gandharva hills to get medicine and save His life. On the prompting of the ascetic, Hanuman went to the big lake for his bath. A young boy dressed as a crocodile caught hold of Hanuman's feet and dragged him into deep water. But mighty Hanuman pulled the crocodile onto the bank of the lake.

He fought a short battle with the crocodile and after vanquishing him, Hanuman, who is also known as Mahavira, moved on toward his destination. Another young boy dressed as a demon chased Hanuman with the intent of eating him. I shall devour you. Then who will save Laksmana's life? Sri Hanuman retorted, "Your Ravana is a dog. I despise him. You had better run far away. Soon Sri Hanuman destroyed the demon and continued toward the Gandharva Hill where he entered the forest.


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It was the first full-length work regarding Chaitanya Mahaprabhu written in Bengali language and documents his early life and role as the founder of the Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition. The text details Chaitanya's theological position as a combined Avatar of both Radha and Krishna within the belief of his close associates and followers. The writing of Chaitanya Bhagavata was commissioned by Nityananda , who was the guru of Vrindavana Dasa Thakura and close friend of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Initially, the Chaitanya Bhagavata was named Chaitanya Mangala. Krishnadasa Kaviraja also mentioned this work by this name. According to the Premavilasa of Narottama Dasa , when it was discovered that the poet Lochana Dasa had also written a work with this title, the leading members of the Vaishnava community in Vrindavan met and decided that Vrindavana Dasa's book would be known as the Chaitanya Bhagavata with Lochana Dasa's book remaining as the Chaitanya Mangala. The Chaitanya Bhagavata is divided into three parts: the Adi-khanda , Madhya-khanda and Antya-khanda :.


Chaitanya Bhagavata

All glories to Lord Nityananda, the dearest friend of the distressed. All glories to all the devotees who are such dear associates of the Lord. He remained in the material world according to Mahaprabhu's transcendental desire. His father was a brahmana named Hadai Pandita and his mother was Srimati Padmavati devi. From His early childhood Sri Nityananda Prabhu had a serene disposition and was highly intelligent. He was a reservoir of excellences. His charming beauty overshadowed the attractiveness of millions upon millions of Cupids.


Sri Chaitanya Bhagavat


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