BIOGRAPHY OF SALAHUDDIN AYUBI PDF

Post a comment. Click he Same year in May Noor ad-din Zangi was given poison. Noor ad- Din Zangi could not fulfill his aspiration 'whitewash Jerusalem from crusaders '. During this era Christians and Jews always used to make fun of Muslims they used to tease Muslim women and children this is the reason Salahuddin always loathed them and sought to take revenge of those more than , Muslims who were slaughtered in first crusade of Constantinople in

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Account Options Sign in. Top charts. New releases. Add to Wishlist. Originally sent to Fatimid Egypt by his Zengid lord Nur ad-Din in , Saladin climbed the ranks of the Fatimid government by virtue of his military successes against Crusader assaults on its territory and his personal closeness to the caliph al-Adid.

When Saladin's uncle Shirkuh died in , al-Adid appointed Saladin vizier, a rare nomination of a Sunni Muslim to such an important position in the Shia Muslim-led caliphate. During his term as vizier Saladin began to undermine the Fatimid establishment, and following al-Adid's death in he took over the government and realigned the country's allegiance with the Baghdad-based Abbasid Caliphate.

In the following years, he led forays against the Crusaders in Palestine, ordered the successful conquest of Yemen and staved off pro-Fatimid rebellions in Upper Egypt.

Not long after the death of Nur ad-Din in , Saladin personally led the conquest of Syria, peacefully entering Damascus at the request of its governor. By mid, Saladin had conquered Hama and Homs, inviting the animosity of his former Zengid lords, who had been the official rulers of Syria. Soon after, he defeated the Zengid army in battle and was thereafter proclaimed the "Sultan of Egypt and Syria" by the Abbasid caliph al-Mustadi.

He made further conquests in northern Syria and Jazira, escaping two attempts on his life by the Assassins, before returning to Egypt in to address issues there. By , Saladin completed the conquest of Syria after capturing Aleppo, but ultimately failed to take over the Zengid stronghold of Mosul. Under Saladin's personal leadership, the Ayyubid army defeated the Crusaders at the decisive Battle of Hattin in , leading the way to the Muslims' re-capture of Palestine from the Crusaders who had conquered it 88 years earlier.

Though the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem would continue to exist for an extended period, its defeat at Hattin marked a turning point in its conflict with the Muslim powers of the region.

In he died in Damascus, having given much of his wealth to his subjects. He is buried in a mausoleum adjacent to the Umayyad Mosque. Saladin has become a prominent figure in Muslim, Arab, Turkish and Kurdish culture. Reviews Review Policy. View details.

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PROFILE - Salahuddin: Iconic Muslim ruler, commander

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The Life of Salahuddin Ayubi

Saladin, a Kurdish warrior, became the Sultan of Egypt and known as a champion of Islam. Salah al Din became a legend in the East and West for his role in clearing the Crusaders from Jerusalem. His capture of Jerusalem , and the Muslim triumph that followed, gave him a remarkable place in the pages of history. The rise of a new, unified Islamic state centered in Egypt was accomplished by the skilled leadership of Saladin. The First Crusade captured Jerusalem in June , amid a horrible massacre of the inhabitants. In , Saladin began his expansion of his territory.

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Salah al-Din al-Ayubbi (“Saladin”)

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During his reign, Saladin has been described as the de facto Caliph of Islam [8] [9] and at the height of his power, his caliphate included Egypt, Syria, Upper Mesopotamia , the Hejaz , Yemen and other parts of North Africa. He was originally sent to Fatimid Egypt in alongside his uncle Shirkuh , a general of the Zengid army, on the orders of their lord Nur ad-Din to help restore Shawar as vizier of the teenage Fatimid caliph al-Adid. A power struggle ensued between Shirkuh and Shawar after the latter was reinstated. Saladin, meanwhile, climbed the ranks of the Fatimid government by virtue of his military successes against Crusader assaults against its territory and his personal closeness to al-Adid. After Shawar was assassinated and Shirkuh died in , al-Adid appointed Saladin vizier, a rare nomination of a Sunni Muslim to such an important position in the Isma'ili Shia caliphate. During his tenure as vizier, Saladin began to undermine the Fatimid establishment and, following al-Adid's death in , he abolished the Fatimid Caliphate and realigned the country's allegiance with the Sunni, Baghdad -based Abbasid Caliphate.

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