The works span a wide spectrum of topics concerning Dvaita philosophy in specific and Vedic thought in general. The list of works are enumerated below. Madhva, of the view that the Gita is as much a part of the religious canon as Upanishads or the Vedas , has authored two commentaries on it. His first work, Gita Bhashya is expositional while the latter, Gita Tatparya , is polemical in nature. According to Madhva, the Gita contains the distillation of the ideas expressed in the Upanishads and the Pancharatra , hence a vital part of the Vedanta tradition. This preliminary commentary on the Gita is the earliest example of Madhva's style which is characterised by its terseness and brevity.
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Madhvacharya was the third of the trinity of philosophers who influenced Indian thoughts after the ages of the Vedas and Puranas. He came after Sri Shankaracharya and Shri Ramanujacharya.
He propounded the philosophy of Dvaita or Dualism. Madhvacharya is traditionally considered as the third prominent incarnation of Vayu after Hanuman and Bhima. He was very strong and was a fine wrestler and loved sports like swimming and weight-lifting.
He was always drawn towards the spiritual path and wanted to take up Sanyasa at the age of eight. As his parents were not willing, he put it off for some time. He later managed to convince his parents and was initiated into Sanyasa by Achyutapreksha, a great teacher belonging to the Advaita School of Philosophy.
At the time of initiation, he was given the name Purnaprajna. During this period, the Advaita school of Sri Shankara dominated Indian thoughts and teachings. It had been in existence for some centuries and most religious institutions and schools followed this philosophy.
But Madhvacharya was never satisfied with the Non-Dualistic interpretations of the scriptures. He had always wanted to challenge them, even from his childhood. His knowledge and intellect were such that he defeated many scholars belonging to other faiths.
These commentaries gave brilliant dualistic interpretations to the same works that Sri Shankara had seen as stressing on Advaita non-dualism.
He wrote various texts that detailed his philosophy which he called Tattvavada, or as it is more popularly known, Dvaita. Sri Madhvacharya was born in the Udupi region and established the beautiful Krishna Temple. There is an interesting story as to how he got that Krishna Idol. One day, Madhvacharya was on the seashore performing his daily rituals, when he spotted a ship in trouble.
He guided the ship safely to harbour and the grateful ship captain thanked him and requested him to take anything he wanted from the ship. Sri Madhvacharya chose three large lumps of Gopi Chandana as he knew instinctively that in one of these mounds, there was a beautiful idol of the Baby Krishna.
He chose eight young Sanyasis and setup eight mathas around the temple. The basic tenet of Dvaita philosophy is the refutation of the Mayavada of Sri Shankara.
Dvaitha emphasises that the world is real and not just an illusion. Madhvacharya was a social and religious reformer who declared that the path to salvation was open to all and was not limited by birth. His teachings attracted many followers and revived the Bhaghavatha or Bhakthi traditions in Karnataka. Sri Madhvacharya. Sri Madhvacharya November 15, administrator. About Post Author. Articles of Hinduism What is Maya? How to Nurture the Tree of Bhakti?
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List of works by Madhvacharya